EU Directives

TITLE ABSTRACT
Noise assessment criteria in European countries The main aim of Directive 2002/49/EC is to provide a common basis for tackling the noise problem across the EU. The objectives include monitoring the environmental problem; by requiring Member States to draw up strategic noise maps for major roads, railways, airports and agglomerations, using harmonised noise indicators. Local noise issues are addressed by requiring competent authorities to draw up action plans to reduce noise where necessary and maintain environmental noise quality where it is good. Member States shall report on noise maps. The Member States shall report on limit values in force and shall ensure that the information from strategic noise maps and summaries of the action plans are sent to the Commission [DOI:10.12866/J.PIVAA.2014.03.002]
Analysis of methods proposed by International Standard ISO 2631 for evaluating the human exposure to whole–body vibration The paper seeks to identify the aspects of the measurement, evaluation and assessment of exposures to vibration and shock. We analyze several aspects: time–dependency, crest–factor limitation, frequency weighting, number of axes, the summation methods over axes, the evaluation of discomfort and the vibration limits. In addition, the discussion evaluates the apparent inadequacies in the International Standards ISO 2631 [DOI:10.12866/J.PIVAA.2016.19].